Australian Obesity Management Algorithm

Obesity is a complex and multi-factorial chronic disease with genetic, environmental, physiological and behavioural determinants that requires long-term care. In 2014-15, 63.4% of Australians aged 18 years and over were above normal weight, with 27.9% being obese [1]. Obesity is associated with a broad range of complications including type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, dyslipidaemia, sleep apnoea, osteoarthritis, and certain types of cancers, which significantly impair quality of life. Obesity and its related complications place a considerable financial burden on Australia. In 2014-15, the direct and indirect costs of obesity were estimated at $ 8.65 billion [2].

This statement has been developed by a working group with representatives from the Australian Diabetes Society, the Australian and New Zealand Obesity Society and the Obesity Surgery Society of Australian and New Zealand. Membership of the working group is shown in Appendix 1.

The aims of the document are to:
1) Assist general practitioners (GPs) in treatment decisions for non-pregnant adults with obesity
2) Provide a practical clinical tool to guide the implementation of existing guidelines for the treatment of obesity in the primary care setting in Australia [3, 4]

Although the focus of this document is on weight loss interventions for the management of obesity, maintaining a healthy lifestyle and preventing weight gain in healthy weight or overweight individuals is an important and essential strategy to prevent a worsening of the current obesity epidemic in Australia.........

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